Migraine Comorbidities

Comorbidity refers to the greater than coincidental association of two conditions in the same individual.  It means that two medical problems occur together in the same patient more likely than by chance.  The medical conditions that link to migraine are:

  • Respiratory-allergic rhinitis and asthma 17%
  • Cardiovascular-hypertension, angina/myocardial infarction, Raynaud’s syndrome, stroke, congenital heart defect-mitral valve prolapse, patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defect (ASA)
  • Endocrinological-thyroid disorders
  • Dermatological-psoriasis
  • Gastrointestinal-ulcer disease, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome 60%
  • Rheumatologic-fibromyalgia 17%
  • Neurologic-epilepsy, tension-type headache, and restless leg syndrome, essential tremor
  • Psychiatric-mood disorders, depression 50%, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder 34%, panic disorder, agoraphobia, chronic fatigue 20%, obsessive-compulsive disorder., ADD/ADHD